【名師筆記】通識廖理:香港中國一地兩檢 Co-location arrangements of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link

廖天恩筆記

相關單元  |  今日香港.現代中國  | 

概要 Summary

一地兩檢,是指抵達地和出發地的邊境管制人員於同一地點或同一運載工具,分別辦理跨境旅客的出入境和檢疫等手續。在一國兩制下,實行一地兩檢卻會涉及複雜和敏感的法律問題。例如:容許內地執法人員在本港境內執法,有可能牴觸基本法,同時,全國性法律亦不適用於香港。

現時深圳灣口岸管制站是首個及唯一有實施一地兩檢。全國人大常委會2006年根據基本法第二十條通過決定,授權香港政府派出執法人員全封閉式管理大樓內的港方口岸,並實施香港法律。香港方面,立法會其後也通過了《深圳灣口岸港方口岸條例》,作為一地兩檢所需的本地立法。

「一地兩檢」:

  • 是指抵達地和出發地的邊境管制人員於同一地點或同一運載工具分別辦理跨境旅客的出入境和檢疫等手續。

2006年全國人大常委會根據基本法第二十條通過決定

  • 授權香港政府派出執法人員全封閉式管理大樓內的港方口岸並實施香港法律。

  • 《深圳灣口岸港方口岸條例》亦通過。

  • 深圳灣口岸管制站是首個及唯一有實施一地兩檢。

  • 於高鐵香港段實施一地兩檢的不同意見:

一地兩檢代表內地執法人員在港執行內地法律:

  • 違反基本法會導致內地和香港司法管轄區重疊,香港的自治管圍將遭到縮小。

基本法第18條指列入附件三中的全國性法律適用於香港

  • 在香港以公佈或立法的方式執行。

  • 並不違反基本法。


“Co-location” of customs, immigration and quarantine”

  • Is defined as the staffs of department of customs and immigrations of both arrival and departure places would perform procedures of immigrations and quarantines for travellers

  • At the same locations and or on the same transportations

In 2006, referring to Article 20 of Basic Law, the Standing Committee of the NPC decided

  • Authorize HKSAR government allow Hong Kong law enforcement staffs to completely manage the Hong Kong side of Shenzhen Bay Control Point.

  • Law of Hong Kong must be performed in the above control point.

  • Passing Law to enhance cross-boundary passenger and cargo flows in Shenzhen Bay Control Point

  • Shenzhen Bay Control Point is the first and only place in Hong Kong for practicing this policy

  • This plan has aroused many controversies from several Pan-Democratic Legal Legislative Councilors

Whether allowing Legal enforcement staffs from PRC to implement China legal procedures in Hong Kong is violating the Basic Law

  • This plan would cause overlap of legislative control areas of both HKSAR and PRC, this would coherently shrink the size of HKSAR autonomy areas

Paragraph 2 of Article 18 of Basic Law: Shows that PRC National Law included in Appendix 3 is suitable to be used in HKSAR

  • Is performed in the way of announcement and legislation

  • Does not violate the Basic Law


*廖天恩
英皇教育通識名師

^香港大學學士‧全球著名學府University of Freiburg碩士
^親身應考所有通識科公開考試全部一Take過奪最高成績,門生奪4或以上超過95%,絕對精通考試制度,熟識香港教育商業化的環境,被喻為DSE LS通識科考試精英
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