美國最高法院裁定 Google 贏得與 Oracle 長達十年的專利糾紛

Sanji Feng
·1 分鐘文章
Google thumbainls inlucing Google Apps like Gmail, Maps, YouTube, Drive, Hangouts etc as seen on a phone screen. Google closeup logo displayed on a phone screen, smartphone on a keyboard is seen in this multiple exposure illustration, the company's symbol is globally recognized. Google, LLC is an American tech giant, a multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies in the U.S. . Amsterdam, the Netherlands on October 22, 2020 (Photo by Nicolas Economou/NurPhoto)
Google thumbainls inlucing Google Apps like Gmail, Maps, YouTube, Drive, Hangouts etc as seen on a phone screen. Google closeup logo displayed on a phone screen, smartphone on a keyboard is seen in this multiple exposure illustration, the company's symbol is globally recognized. Google, LLC is an American tech giant, a multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies in the U.S. . Amsterdam, the Netherlands on October 22, 2020 (Photo by Nicolas Economou/NurPhoto)

關於 Google 在開發 Android 時使用 Java API 程式碼是否侵犯到 Oracle 專利這件事,兩家公司至今為止已經進行了長達十年的訴訟。期間雙方都有過勝負,而時至今日美國最高法院最終以 6 對 2 的表決結果,推翻了此前聯邦上訴法院的裁定,判決 Google 未對 Oracle 構成侵權。在裁定中法院指出, Google 複製 Java SE API 程式碼的行為屬於「合法的合理使用」。

對於這場勝利,Google 表示「合理使用的理念能讓行業中的每個人都獲益」。而 Oracle 的執行副總裁、法律顧問 Dorian Daley 則直言:「Google 的平台正變得越來越大,市場也在一直擴張。其門檻變得愈來愈高,想要與之競爭正變得愈發困難。他們偷走了 Java,然後花了十年的時間打官司,只有壟斷者才能做到這一點。這些行徑恰恰就是美國、全球監管機構要對 Google 商業行為進行審查的根本原因。」