Boston Dynamics 等六公司聯合聲明不會開發軍事機器人

The Ghost Robotics Vision 60 exhibited during the Defense Expo Korea 2022, the biggest military weapon exhibition in the country, held at KINTEX (Korea International Exhibition and Convention Center) on September 21, 2022 in Goyang city, Gyeonggi, South Korea. The exhibition has been held every two years since 2014. This year, 350 companies are participating in the expo, an increase from 210 in 2020. This year, major military officers including defense ministers from 43 countries including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Slovakia and Romania are visiting. (Photo by Chris Jung/NurPhoto)
The Ghost Robotics Vision 60 exhibited during the Defense Expo Korea 2022, the biggest military weapon exhibition in the country, held at KINTEX (Korea International Exhibition and Convention Center) on September 21, 2022 in Goyang city, Gyeonggi, South Korea. The exhibition has been held every two years since 2014. This year, 350 companies are participating in the expo, an increase from 210 in 2020. This year, major military officers including defense ministers from 43 countries including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Slovakia and Romania are visiting. (Photo by Chris Jung/NurPhoto)

軍事機器人是很多科幻故事中導致人類毀滅的原因之一,叫不少人對於現實世界的機器人發展感到害怕。其中一家機器人開發的知名廠商 Boston Dynamics 連同其他 5 家同行企業,Agility Robotics、ANYbotics、Clearpath Robotics、Open Robotics 和 Unitree Robotics,共同發出無約束力的公開信表明不會尋求或允許自家機器人產品被武器化。

在公開信中寫道,他們認為在能夠遙距、無人控制的武裝機器人廣泛出現,而且更能導航到過去不會進入的人類生活區域,是會引起安全問題和德道憂慮,同時更會損害大眾對於機器人科技的信心。與此同時,有小眾人士公開商用化武裝機器人,這也加劇了社會對其的擔心。這應該在指早前有軍事展覽上出現了搭載機槍的機器犬,甚至是美國達拉斯警方利用本來的拆彈機器人來當作 IED 簡易爆炸裝置使用。

因此這六家企業聯合聲明不會在硬體、軟體層面上讓他們的機器人武裝化,也不會支持其他單位進行這方面的行動,同時也會探索如何能減少機器人軍事化風險的技術,作為抗衡的力量。然而他們也有提到,對於使用現有技術的政府部門和代理人,如果僅是用作守衛用途和捍衛法律的話,他們並不會有任何意見,最後也有呼籲立法機關和其他機器人開發社群都跟進他們的想法。